Bobby Sands Essay, Research Paper
Bobby Sands was born in 1954 in Rathcoole, a stalwart community in North Belfast as the first kid of John and Rosaleen Sands. He was followed by two sisters, Marcella and Burnadette, and a brother, Sean. The first old ages of Bobby? s life were spent qui
ly at Abbots Cross in the Newtonabbey country of North Belfast. However, the anti-Catholic attitudes raised their caputs and the Sands household was forced to travel in 1962 to another predominately Protestant ghetto in Belfast. Turning up in these countries led to
e nature of hatred that most Catholics have being in the unintegrated countries of Belfast. Bobby shared the same experiences, and had the same feelings.
At the age of 15, Bobby quit school and began work as an apprentice manager builder and joined the national brotherhood of vehicle builders. In 1968, Bobby was forced out of his occupation due to anti-Catholic bitterness. His sister Burnadette says, ? Bobby went
work one twenty-four hours and these chaps were standing at that place cleaning guns. One chap said to him, ? Do you see these here, good, if you don? T you? ll acquire this. ? Then Bobby found a note in his lunchbox stating him to acquire out. ? 1 These events would alter his life
In 1972, the Sands household was forced to travel once more when their house was sold to a Protestant twosome without their concent. The household moved to a Catholic lodging colony in West Belfast. It was here that Bobby foremost heard about the IRA and joined up
ith it within months.
Bobby? s life changed dramatically. ? My life now centered around insomniac darks and stand-bys dodging the Brits and quieting nervousnesss to travel out on operations. But the people stood by us. The people non merely opened the doors to their places to impart us a H
vitamin D but opened their Black Marias to us. I learned that without people we could non last and I learned that I owe them everything. ? 1
In October of 1972, Bobby was arrested. Four pistols were found in a house that he was remaining at. He was brought to a RUC question centre, ? A cloaked anguish chamber aimed at bring forthing confessions from patriots? 2. Falling back on his IRA
aining, Bobby did non cleft and did non give the RUC what they wanted to hear. He was brought to test and convicted and sentenced to five old ages at Long Kesh prison outside of Belfast.
It was in this stay at Long Kesh that Bobby became familiar with the political relations, civilization and history of the Irish. Bobby foremost joined the IRA for defence against the British, but he came to recognize the republican values that the IRA stood for. ? Sands beg
to recognize the merely cause of Irish self-government and to see more clearly the perennial stairss of consecutive British authoritiess to deny the Irish of their heritage? 2.
He was released in 1976 and returned place. He married his childhood sweetie, Geraldine. Gerard, a boy, was born non excessively shortly after. He rejoined the IRA and set himself to work undertaking the societal issues that effected his country. He organized a renters
association, a societal nine dedicated to Irish civilization and started a newssheet for the Catholic community.
In late 1976, Bobby was arrested once more. There was a bomb onslaught on the Balmoral Furniture at Dunmurry, followed by a gun onslaught where two work forces were wounded. Bobby was in a auto near the scene with three other work forces. The RUC captured them and found a revolv
in the auto. They could non associate the work forces to the bombardment, but they were charged with ownership of the six-gun. All were convicted and sentenced to 14 old ages at Long Kesh prison.
Bobby spent the first 22 yearss of his sentence in lone parturiency. Then they brought him to the H-Block cells where he and his fellow IRA captives were held. He instantly joined in their cover protest. The protest was formed so that the prison
s could accomplish Prisoner of War position. With POW position, the captives would acquire five privileges: the right to have on their ain apparels, abstain from prison work, to tie in freely within their ain prison confines, to utilize educational and diversion country
and remittal of their sentences for good behaviour. When Bobby was at Long Kesh the first Ti
me, the IRA captives enjoyed these rights, but they were subsequently revoked.
The cover dissenters refused to have on any prison apparels, but merely the cover from their beds. As the protest went on, more addementies were denied them. They were non able to rinse, shave, exercising or go forth their cells. Soon, the lavatories were removed
nd the work forces were forced to pour their body waste out the window. Finally, the prison blocked the Windowss, so they were forced to pass over it on the walls. The conditions that these work forces lived were intolerable, and this is how Bobby spent the remainder of his life.
On October 21, 1980, negotiations between Humphrey Atkins, the direct British swayer in the North, and Cardinal O? Fiaich, the Catholic leader of Ireland, broke down about the IRA captives having POW position. Seven captives that twenty-four hours began a hungriness work stoppage, cubic decimeter
by Brendan Hughes, the leader of the IRA captives.
After 53 yearss, the British authorities apparently gave in and was willing to allow the captives POW position. The captives rejoiced, but after Christmas, they realized that it was all a prevarication and things went back to the manner they were at Long Kesh.
The captives had sufficiency of the British prevarications. Led by Bobby, another hungriness work stoppage was planned to get down on March 1, 1981. If their demands were non met, the captives would decease and replaced by another until the demands were met. Bobby was prepared to pu
his life on the line in order to win rights.
Bobby insisted that he started two hebdomads in forepart of the other strikers so possibly his decease could procure the five demands and salvage the other? s lives. Bobby had no fright of his ain decease, and saw the hungriness work stoppage as more than a demand for captives? Rhode Island
T, but holding major reverberations of British regulation in Ireland. He lost 16 lbs of weight and on March 23, 1981 he was moved to the prison infirmary.
On March 30, Bobby was nominated as campaigner for the Fermanagh and South-Tyrone bye-election after the sudden decease of Frank Maguire, an independent MP who supported the captives? cause. After a close tally, Bobby was elected with 30,492 ballots. Many pri
ners had expected that Bobby? s election would stop the protest. With 30,000 people behind Bobby Sands and the captives, how copuld Great Britain disregard them?
Bobby? s ain reaction to the triumph was surprising non-optimistic. Owen Carron, who was Bobby? s election agent, said of Bobby? s reaction: ? He wad already heard the consequence on the wireless. He was in good signifier alright, but he ever used to maintain stating, ? I
my place, you can non afford to be optimistic. ? In other words, he didn? Ts take it that because he had won an election that his life was saved. He thought that the Brits would necessitate their lb of flesh. I think he was ever on the premiss that he woul
dice. ? 1
At 1:17AM on Tuesday May 5, 1981, Bobby Sands MP died after traveling 65 yearss with lone H2O and salt. The intelligence of Bobby? s decease spread worldwide and raised bitterness against the British. ? Protests were offered in Milian, Athens, Ghent, Paris and Oslo a
good as across America and Ireland. Violence erupted in France, Spain, and Portugal & # 8230 ; .The Italian, portion of the Indian, Persian, and Lusitanian authoritiess, every bit good as Poland? s Leah Walesa and smaller American communities honored Sands. ? 3
Nine more captives followed Bobby to their deceases. After 217 yearss of hungriness contact and 10 people dead, the cover dissenters called off the work stoppage. Even though there were many work forces work forces willing to volunteer for the work stoppage, the IRA felt that more Drug Enforcement Administration
s would work out nil. In the terminal, nevertheless, POW position was granted to the captives, but excessively late for Bobby Sands and the other dissenters.
With Bobby Sands? s decease, he became portion of the mythology that surrounds the republican battle for freedom. All over the universe, people watched this adult male dice, standing by what he believes in until decease. His decease was a victory. He brought many more yo
g work forces to the cause and shed a visible radiation that the whole universe could see on the state of affairs in Northern Ireland. His bravery should function as a theoretical account for everyone. In kernel Bobby Sands was a true freedom combatant, and in the terminal, he won.