Of Mice And Men: The Theme Of Prejudice Essay, Research Paper
TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD:
THE THEME OF PREJUDICE
To Kill A Mockingbird is a fresh which can lead on the reader into believing that it is really simple. However, if the reader delves beneath the surface, she may happen that there are a figure of complex subjects running through the novel. One of the cardinal subjects in this novel is the bias that was characteristic of southern town in the 1930 & # 8217 ; s. A assortment of biass combine to organize the character of the town of Maycomb. The three chief biass encountered are those of race, category, and sex.
The bias of race, in the novel, makes the words of a low-class white adult female from a Ne & # 8217 ; er do good household readily accepted against those of a Negro with an solid repute. When Tom Robinson is accused of colza by Mayella Ewell, southern society and social bias against inkinesss must be upheld. In malice of the shoddiness of Mayella & # 8217 ; s accusal against a black adult male whose one arm is withered, the white of Maycomb are bound to believe Mayella merely because she is white. Despite Tom & # 8217 ; s solid repute, the people of Maycomb can non let a white adult female & # 8217 ; s accusal go unreciprocated because making so would do the white component seem less superior.
For these grounds the people of Maycomb organize a rabble in an effort to carry Atticus to drop his defence of Tom Robinson. Even though most people have a less than high sentiment of the Ewells, there is still that overruling solidarity that they feel must be shown against the Negro. The inkinesss live in their subdivision of town, and the Whites live in their subdivision of town. This clear division must be maintained is southern society, as represented by Maycomb, is to last.
This thought of a clear division is enforce by Aunt Alexandra. Although she holds no maliciousness towards the inkinesss, she feels it is extremely improper for Scout and Jem to go to the Negro church or visit Calpurnia & # 8217 ; s place. Mixing of the races is merely non permitted in Maycomb society, unless one is either bizarre like Mr. Dolphus Raymond or excessively low in position to be of any concern.
These racial biass, of class, have black effects for Tom Robinson. Even though Atticus proves that Tom could non hold raped Mayella, the jury convicts Tom, and he is sentenced to decease. When Atticus tries to explicate the colored finding of fact to his kids he says that in a instance of a white adult male & # 8217 ; s word against that of a black adult male, the white adult male ever wins.
An about every bit of import bias in making the caste system in Maycomb is that of category. The divisions by this bias are besides clear. Peoples like the Finchs
are at the top of the societal hierarchy, and far below them are people like the Cunninghams, who are respectable, but hapless. Jem explains to Scout that even further below the Cunninghams are the Ewells, and farther below the Ewells are the “colored folks” whom the Ewells despise. Jem buttocks that everyone but the inkinesss have person to look down upon.
Within this caste system is behavioural criterions for persons in their specific societal caste. Peoples like the Finches have a & # 8220 ; postion & # 8221 ; to continue, while a Cunningham may be hapless, but refuses charity or commiseration. Lee notes that the every town has households like the Ewells, who are an eyesore to the community.
The Ewells are avoided by the more nice people of Maycomb, and the Ewells know it. The Ewells, nevertheless, think themselves to be above the inkinesss. Yet, Scout observes that the lone difference between Bob Ewell and the worst of the inkinesss is that, if he were scrubbed hard plenty, Bob & # 8217 ; s tegument would be blunt white.
Another country of bias in the novel is that of sex. The novel is set in the 1930 & # 8217 ; s, which is before the adult females & # 8217 ; s motion was in full force. Underliing the full test is the premium that the southern male topographic points on the virtuousness of white southern muliebrity. The white work forces must & # 8220 ; protect their adult females & # 8221 ; from the lustful onslaught of the hot-blooded & # 8220 ; nigger & # 8221 ; . This belief is so great that is allows the dubious repute and testimony of a white adult female to be superior to the repute of a stable, soft, and retiring black adult male. Atticus is cognizant of this bias and addresses it stating that he is merely as protective of & # 8220 ; southern muliebrity & # 8221 ; , but he refuses to continue & # 8220 ; polite fiction & # 8221 ; if it will be a adult male his life.
The society of Maycomb welcomes the rustle, fanning, and dish the dirting behaviour in its adult females, and treats them as if they are frail and barely capable of taking attention of themselves. Scout is invariably told to & # 8220 ; act like a lady & # 8221 ; , & # 8220 ; frock like a lady & # 8221 ; , and retrieve to maintain her topographic point. Her topographic point seems to be with the adult females, who have no existent function in the concern of the town. Even Atticus explains to Jem and Scout that adult females are non allowed to function on juries merely because they are adult females. He remarks that adult females are excessively chatty and that justness would be halted or impeded by their many inquiries if they were allowed to function on juries.
These three signifiers of bias & # 8211 ; race, category, and sex & # 8212 ; are integrated into the novel and the society of Maycomb, which serves as a symbol of the southern manner of life in the 1930 & # 8217 ; s. With these tools, Lee creates a in writing image of a restrictive society which prefers to cleaving blindly to what has ever been, instead than alter its ways and accept alteration and advancement.